In a study of 918 mother-child pairs where the mother had gestational diabetes, researchers found that children born to women who consumed more than 156 grams per day of refined grain were twice as likely to be obese at seven years old than children born to women that ate less than 37 grams of refined grain per day. This link persists even when factors such as children’s weight, activity level and food consumption were controlled. Further studies are needed to determine if this obesity risk continues later in life.
- Gestational diabetes affects about 5 percent of all pregnancies in the United States and may lead to health problems for mothers and newborns.
- Previous studies have linked diets high in refined grains — such as white rice — to obesity, type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
- Children born to women with gestational diabetes who consumed the most refined grain (more than 156 grams per day) were twice as likely to be obese at age 7.
“Gestational diabetes, or high blood sugar during pregnancy, affects about 5 percent of all pregnancies in the United States and may lead to health problems for mothers and newborns.”