Small group of neurons modulates the amount of insulin that the pancreas must produce

A connection has been found between the hypothalamus and the pancreas. Researches have found that the POMC neurons in the hypothalamus communicate with the pancreas when insulin is being produced based on the nutrients detected by the POMC neurons. Further research into this area will help researchers to better understand diabetes.

Key Takeaways:

  • The brain is key in the regulation of appetite, body weight and metabolism.
  • Type 2 diabetes patients, who represent the 85% of people with diabetes, have fewer beta cells and less ability to secrete insulin in response to glucose.
  • Understanding the mechanisms involved in regulating insulin is important and therefore helps us to better understand the pathophysiology of diabetes,

“These neurons are sensitive to fluctuations in nutrients such as glucose, fatty acids and amino acids.”